Medical Acupuncture in Raynaud's Disease: Protocol Development for Conducting Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Main Article Content

Naseem Akhtar Qureshi
Nasreen Khawer Salahuddin


Background: Idiopathic Raynaud’s disease is twice common in women than their counterparts, and secondary Raynaud’s disease co-occurs with a variety of medicosurgical conditions. Both diseases are managed by several medications which are invariably associated with various adverse effects.

Objective: This study aimed to describe several standardized SPIRIT and PRISMA steps and items that help in the development of research protocol directed towards systematic review and meta-analysis conduction concerning Raynaud’s phenomenon managed by clinical acupuncture. Methods and Results: Statements, guidelines, list of items and processes related to SPIRIT and PRISMA and their extensions and updated versions are ideal methodological tools in framing Raynaud’s disease and acupuncture research protocols for scientifically conducting not only randomized controlled trials but also systematic review and meta-analysis. By extension, these methodological tools could also be applied to develop research protocols for other diseases and nontraditional treatment interventions with some modifications. A total of 53 studies were included in this study protocol.

Discussion: In line with Traditional Chinese Medicine, the pattern of Raynaud’s disease and pros and cons of medical acupuncture should make an important component of discussion, besides the details of included randomized clinical interventions in systematic review and meta-analysis, which are but not limited to treatment effects, their strengths and limitations, quality, heterogeneity and endpoints.

Conclusion: The development of research protocol for conducting systematic review and meta-analysis is an art and while framing the draft researchers must take into account various SPIRIT and PRISMA statements and guidelines and their latest versions applicable to various diseases including Raynaud’s phenomenon managed by traditional and modern medications across the world.

Raynaud’s diseases, medical acupuncture, SPIRIT-statement, PRISMA-statement, systematic review, protocol development.

Article Details

How to Cite
Qureshi, N. A., & Salahuddin, N. K. (2019). Medical Acupuncture in Raynaud’s Disease: Protocol Development for Conducting Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research, 8(1), 1-18.
Study Protocol


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