Gas Flaring in Niger Delta Nigeria and Sustainability Development Goal Framework: Qualitative Survey of the Health Impacts, Mitigation and Adaptation
Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research,
Background: Petroleum exploitation and production have resulted in various environmental, socio-economic, political and health problems. This study is part of ongoing research to evaluate sustainability development goal in host communities of gas flaring operations.
Objective: The research purposes to generate thematic opinions of the community regarding the risks associated with gas flaring and evaluate the mitigation and adaptation programs of government and oil and gas companies in the Delta region, Nigeria.
Methods: This was qualitative with a quantitative component utilizing a survey of 8 open-ended and 2 semi-quantitative questions. Sample size was N = 488 and participants were over 18 years old. Thematic analysis adopted word cloud, followed by thematic aggregation and quantification.
Results: The response rates were 99.2%, 76.2%, 75.4% and 70.1% for Sections B, C, D, and F, respectively. Over 66% reported negative impacts of gas flaring including specifications of some health problems and stress and respiratory problems were most common. Lack of opinion e.g. on how oil and gas companies liaise with the community (47%) and on how government liaises with companies (63%) were observed.
Conclusion: While the majority of respondents had opinions, they however lacked knowledge regarding what the government and/or oil and gas companies could do on mitigation and adaptation on negative impacts of gas flaring. This therefore calls for awareness campaign and health promotion in the affected communities.
- Awareness in community
- impact of gas flaring
- mitigation & adaptation programs
- Niger Delta Nigeria
- public health promotion
How to Cite
Osuoka A, Roderick P. Gas Flaring in Nigeria. A human rights, environmental and economic monstrosity. In. Amsterdam, the Netherlands: Environmental Rights Action and The Climate Justice Programme; 2005.
Chukwuka K, Alimba C, Ataguba G, Jimoh W. The impacts of petroleum production on terrestrial fauna and flora in the Oil-Producing Region of Nigeria. In: The Political Ecology of Oil and Gas Activities in the Nigerian Aquatic Ecosystem. edn.: Elsevier. 2018;125-142.
Allison C, Oriabure G, Ndimele P, Shittu J. Dealing with oil spill scenarios in the Niger Delta: Lessons from the past. In: The political ecology of oil and gas activities in the Nigerian aquatic ecosystem. edn.: Elsevier. 2018;351-368.
Burdorf A, Järvholm B, Siesling S. Asbestos exposure and differences in occurrence of peritoneal mesothelioma between men and women across countries. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2007;64(12):839-842.
University of South California. Study of natural gas flaring finds high risks to babies: Researchers found exposure was associated with 50% higher odds of Preterm Birth Compared with no Exposure; 2020.
Obi N, Bwititi P, Nwose E. Study proposal of the impact of gas flaring on health of communities in Delta state Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific Reports. 2021;7:468-472.
Plato knowledge and opinion [https://tegar.isi.ac.id/rfe/9wzbpa/page.php?id=plato-knowledge-and-opinion-pdf]
Obi NI, Bwititi PT, Nwose EU. Public Health Impact of Environmental Pollution in Areas with Gas Flares. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research. 2021;16(1):1-8.
Obi NI, Bwititi PT, Nwose EU. Comparison of Environmental and Occupational Health in Gas Flare Host Communities and those Farther from Gas Flare Sites. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research. 2021;16(1):34-41.
Obi NI, Bwititi PT, Nwose EU. Assessment of association between gas flaring and prevalence of diseases: Delineation of Opinion from Perception. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research. 2021;16(3):16-23.
Obi NI, Bwititi PT, Nwose EU. Evaluation of government’s efforts to mitigate the adverse effects of gas flaring in host communities. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research. 2021;16(2):42-50.
Obi NI, Bwititi PT, Nwose EU. Community Awareness of Health Problems Associated with Gas Flaring and Programme to Mitigate. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research. 2021;16(2):31-41.
Nriagu J, Udofia EA, Ekong I, Ebuk G. Health risks associated with oil pollution in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016;13(3):pii: E346.
Edino M, Nsofor G, Bombom L. Perceptions and attitudes towards gas flaring in the Niger Delta, Nigeria. The Environmentalist. 2010;30(1):67-75.
Nwosisi M, Oguntoke O, Taiwo A, Agbozu I, Noragbon E. Spatial patterns of gas flaring stations and the risk to the respiratory and dermal health of residents of the Niger Delta, Nigeria. Scientific African. 2021;12:e00762.
Onigbogi CB, Banerjee S. Prevalence of psychosocial stress and its risk factors among health-care workers in Nigeria: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Niger Med J. 2019;60(5):238-244.
Nwosisi, Oguntoke O, Taiwo A, Agbozu I, Noragbon E. Spatial patterns of gas flaring stations and the risk to the respiratory and dermal health of residents of the Niger Delta, Nigeria. Scientific African. 2021;12:e00762.
Downey L, Van Willigen M. Environmental stressors: The mental health impacts of living near industrial activity. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 2005;46(3): 289-305.
Okwuezolu FA, Adjene JO, Chime HE. Effects of crude oil exploration on the physical and mental health of residents of Okpai community, Delta State, Nigeria. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research. 2020;9(1):1-12.
Abstract View: 65 times
PDF Download: 31 times