Determinants of Hypertension in Outpatients: A Cross-Sectional Study at Kramat Jati Health Center, East Jakarta

Frits Reinier Wantian Suling *

Division of Cardiology Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Universitas Kristen Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Anastacia Justine

Department of Medical Community, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Kristen Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Wiradi Suryanegara

Department of Medical Community, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Kristen Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Aims: This research aims to determine the factors that most cause the incidence of hypertension in outpatients at the Kramat Jati District Health Center, East Jakarta in 2024.

Study design:  Cross-Sectional Design

Place and Duration of Study: This research was carried out at the Non-Communicable Diseases Polyclinic or Hypertension Polyclinic, Kramat Jati District Health Center, East Jakarta. Data collection took place for 2 weeks in February 2024.

Methodology: The selected population is outpatients who have hypertension and are active as controls and non-hypertensive outpatients who visit the Kramat Jati District Health Center, East Jakarta. The selected samples were outpatients, specifically hypertensive patients at the Kramat Jati District Health Center, East Jakarta. Samples were collected using non-random accidental sampling technique and 101 research samples were obtained. Data Processing and Analysis using SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) 29th version was used to view research results using univariate and bivariate analysis.

Results: The results obtained showed that 81 respondents (80.2%) experienced hypertension. The dominant characteristics of hypertensive patients were found to be women (65.3%), aged 56-65 years (28.7%), patients who had a family history of hypertension (52.5%), patients who consumed ≥ 5 grams of sodium (70 .3%), patients who did physical activity (76.2%), and patients who did smoke (31.7%). The factors of age (p-value = 0.0001), history of hypertension (p-value = 0.046), sodium diet (p-value = 0.0001), and smoking (p-value = 0.039) are significantly related and most dominantly influence the incidence. Hypertension. The factors of gender (p-value = 0.410) and physical activity (p-value = 0.454) were not significantly related to increasing blood pressure.

Conclusion: There is a significant relationship between factors that unmodified factors, namely age and family history of hypertension, with the incidence of hypertension at the Kramat Jati District Health Center, East Jakarta, and there is also a significant relationship between factors that can be changed, namely dietary sodium patterns and smoking activities, and the incidence of hypertension in Kramat Jati District Health Center, East Jakarta.

Keywords: Hypertension, risk factors, relationship, patients

How to Cite

Suling, Frits Reinier Wantian, Anastacia Justine, and Wiradi Suryanegara. 2024. “Determinants of Hypertension in Outpatients: A Cross-Sectional Study at Kramat Jati Health Center, East Jakarta”. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research 25 (7):32-44.


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