A Descriptive Study on Stunting in Toddlers & Contributing Factors in Cibungur Village, Sumedang District, Indonesia

Vidi Posdo Ahapta Simarmata *

Department of Medical Community, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Kristen Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Keswari Aji Patriawati

Department of Pediactric, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Kristen Indonesia, Indonesia.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Aims: This research aims to determine the relationship between parents practicing Clean and Healthy Living Behavior (PHBS) and the incidence of stunting in toddlers aged 2-5 years in Cibungur Village, Sumedang Regency in 2023.

Study Design:  This research is an analytical observational study with a cross-sectional design.

Place and Duration of Study: The research was carried out in Cibungur Village, Sumedang Regency, West Java in May 2023.

Methodology: The sample in this study was 139 parents who had children aged 2-5 years in Cibungur Village, Sumedang Regency, West Java. The sampling technique used in this study was consecutive sampling, that is, all subjects who came and met the selection criteria were included in the study until the required number of subjects was met. A questionnaire instrument was used to obtain data on variables that influence (X1) parents' healthy hygiene behavior. The variable influenced by (Y) is the incidence of stunting in toddlers aged 2-5 years in Cibungur Village, Sumedang Regency. The data source is parents of toddlers aged 2-5 years in Cibungur Village, Sumedang.

Results: The results of the correlation test of the 10 PHBS indicators studied with the incidence of stunting found a relationship between exclusive breastfeeding (p = 0.004) and the habit of washing hands with soap (p = 0.001) with the incidence of stunting while history of childbirth assisted by health personnel (p = 0.066), weighing toddler routine at posyandu (p=0.070), eradicating mosquito nests (p = 0.778), daily physical activity (p = 1.000), consumption of fruits and vegetables every day (p = 0.594), not smoking in the house (p = 0.877), use of clean water (p = 0.066) and use of healthy latrines (p = 0.066) were not associated with stunting.

Conclusion: Of the ten indicators of a Clean and Healthy Lifestyle, it was concluded that only two of them were related to the incidence of stunting, namely the Exclusive Breastfeeding indicator and the Habit of Washing Hands with Soap indicator.

Keywords: Clean and healthy lifestyle, stunting, toddler


How to Cite

Simarmata , Vidi Posdo Ahapta, and Keswari Aji Patriawati. 2024. “A Descriptive Study on Stunting in Toddlers & Contributing Factors in Cibungur Village, Sumedang District, Indonesia”. Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research 25 (7):58-72. https://doi.org/10.9734/jocamr/2024/v25i7547.

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