Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research 2020-11-24T02:29:01+00:00 Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research (ISSN: 2456-6276)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/JOCAMR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in the areas of Complementary, Alternative and Integrative medical research. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Serum Creatinine can be Reduced by Applying Homeopathic Medicines according to the Symptom Similarity: Case Study Analysis of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) 2020-11-24T02:29:01+00:00 Nur-E-Alam Rasel Md. Sofiqul Alam Mohammad Akther-uz- Zahan Md. Shahi Emran Hossain <p><strong>Background:</strong> Over the past few decades, chronic kidney disease (CKD) with high serum creatinine has turned into an intensive clinical and epidemiological research in Bangladesh as well as globally. Even though the transparency provided by the Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (KDOQI) guidelines, there appears to be within the CKD with high serum creatinine research literature significant dissimilarity on how to define CKD and assess kidney function. In this situation homeopathic symptomatic treatment can play a vital role in CKD with high creatinine.<strong> Methods:</strong> The cases of four patients with CKD and high creatinine from our observations are discussed, those whom were benefited by homeopathic treatment. The more common remedies administered in the treatment of CKD with high creatinine include: <em>Lycopodium clavatum, Apis mellifica, Apocynum cannabinum, Aurum muriticum, Cuprum metalicum Cantharis,&nbsp; Sarsaparilla, Glonoine, Serum anguillae, Berbaris vulgaris</em>,… etc. The patho-physiologies, diagnosis, review of CKD and serum creatinine are discussed. These case study analyses of CKD emphasize that a consideration of CKD symptoms with high serum creatinine, in addition to more constitutional symptoms, is important when homeopathically analyzing these cases.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The positive effects of different homeopathic medicines were clearly reducing serum creatinine during the treatment of CKD patients without hemodialysis with cost effectiveness and most harmless way.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>These case study analyses found that early proper diagnosis, most appropriate selection of homeopathic remedies and follow-up is important to cure the CKD with high serum creatinine and possible resulting renal failure can be dreadful.</p> 2020-11-20T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Antimicrobial Evaluation of Plant Parts of Rauwolfia Vomitoria 2020-11-21T11:40:02+00:00 Stephen Chijioke Emencheta Bessie Ifeoma Enweani Angus Nnamdi Oli Emmanuel Chinedum Ibezim Ijeoma Eucharia Olaedo Imanyikwa <p><strong>Aims:</strong> This study was aimed at evaluating the antimicrobial activities of fractions of <em>Rauwolfia vomitoria</em> against some isolates including; <em>Salmonella typhi</em>, <em>Escherichia coli</em>, <em>Candida albicans</em>, <em>Aspergillus niger</em>, <em>Microsporon canis</em>, and <em>Trichophyton rubrum</em>.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Primary extraction was done on the dried and pulverized plant samples (leaves, barks, and root) using methanol, after which the crude extracts was fractionated using butanol, ethyl acetate, and n-hexane respectively. The samples were duly labelled according to the plant parts and solvents used. Agar diffusion and dilution methods on Mueller-Hinton agar (MHA) and Sabouraud dextrose agar (SDA) where used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) and minimum bactericidal and fungicidal concentrations (MBC/MFC) respectively. The percentage inhibition diameter growth (PIDG) of the extracts and fractions were also determined.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> From the results, eleven (11) samples showed inhibitory activity on one or more of the test isolates. Extended spectrum activity was observed with five (5) of the samples, including; RVL ethyl acetate, RVL n-hexane, RVB crude, RVR crude, and RVR ethyl acetate against <em>S. typhi</em>, <em>E. coli</em>, and <em>M. canis</em>. Antifungal activity was observed only against <em>M. canis</em>. The ethyl acetate fraction of the leaves (RVLE) and crude methanol extract of the bark (RVBC) gave the least MIC both against <em>M. canis</em> at a concentration of 25 mg/ml, while the ethyl acetate fraction of the leaves (RVLE) at 12.5 mg/ml also against <em>M. canis</em> gave the least MBC/MFC. Using the inhibition zone diameters (IZD), the obtained PIDG showed apparently that the ethyl acetate fraction of the leaves (RVL ethyl acetate) was the most active against <em>S. typhi</em> (28.57%) and E. coli (20%).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The study lends support to the traditional use of the plant especially in treating gastro intestinal tract and skin infections.</p> 2020-11-21T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##