Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research https://journaljocamr.com/index.php/JOCAMR <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research (ISSN: 2456-6276)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/JOCAMR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in the areas of Complementary, Alternative and Integrative medical research. By not excluding papers based on novelty, this journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct and scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open-access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> SCIENCEDOMAIN international en-US Journal of Complementary and Alternative Medical Research 2456-6276 Exploring Impact of Telerehabilitation in Post Viral Fatigue Syndrome Following COVID-19: A Narrative Review of Literature https://journaljocamr.com/index.php/JOCAMR/article/view/542 <p><strong>Aims: </strong>The purpose of this study was to see how telerehabilitation affected post-viral tiredness following COVID-19.</p> <p><strong>Study Design: </strong>Narrative Review.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>Various computerised data bases were used to conduct a structured Literature search. PubMed, Google Scholar, Pedro, American Physical Therapy Association (APTA), World Health Organization (WHO), World Confederation Physical Therapy (WCPT), Medscape, Research-gate Embase, American Physical Therapy Association (APTA), World Health Organization (WHO), World Confederation Physical Therapy (WCPT), Medscape, Research-gate Embase Clinical trials, randomised controlled trials, cross-sectional studies, cohort studies, and literature reviews were all part of the search strategy. The search was restricted to English literature alone.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>A total of 75 items were found in various electronic databases. Based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, 57 articles containing actual substance were shortlisted. Telerehabilitation in post-viral fatigue syndrome following covid 19 had a good effect on the patients, according to the study. It helps individuals with Post-Viral Fatigue Syndrome increase their breathing rate, physical strength, and overall function.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>This narrative review of the literature discovered that physiotherapy therapies, particularly Telerehabilitation, have a good effect in post-viral fatigue following covid19. Telerehabilitation has a greater impact on reducing the symptoms of post viral fatigue syndrome patients and will aid in their recovery. The things taught in Telerehabilitation also assist a lot, and the exercise improves the cardiovascular system by increasing HR (heart rate), breathing rate, body temperature, and blood pressure (Blood pressure).</p> Nilofar Rasheed Jyoti Yadav Bhawna Sharma Farha Parveen Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. 2024-06-07 2024-06-07 25 7 1 12 10.9734/jocamr/2024/v25i7542 Pharmacological Review of Plants and Natural Products with Antiepileptic Effects https://journaljocamr.com/index.php/JOCAMR/article/view/543 <p>Both recurrent and spontaneous seizures are indications of epilepsy, a disorder of the brain. Around the world, as many as sixty-five million individuals could be influenced, and 80 percent of cases are found in low-income countries. Medicinal herbs are widely utilized to treat and manage epilepsy and convulsions due to their unique healing properties. Through greater research and clinical use, medicinal plants are gaining attention on a global scale because of their potent therapeutic effects and few adverse effects. The development of innovative plant-based antiepileptic/anticonvulsant medications has drawn a lot of interest from the pharmaceutical industry. This article provides an overview of the study on medicinal plants that have been demonstrated to have antiepileptic and anticonvulsant qualities. It provides pharmacological and molecular mechanism of action data for the crude extracts and related active ingredients evaluated in preclinical research for the treatment of epilepsy and convulsions, and it works as a guide for the development of future pertinent studies in this area. Articles about ethnopharmacological and antiepileptic studies on plants or natural products from the most recent and recent years were obtained from PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus, among other sources, using keywords related to epilepsy, medicinal plants, natural products, etc. Many plant species are commonly utilized in Asian and African countries to treat epilepsy and convulsions. It has also been discovered that natural chemicals derived from these medicinal plants may possess antiepileptic and anticonvulsant qualities. These compounds can be broadly classified as terpenoids, alkaloids, coumarins, flavonoids, and saponins. The antiepileptic capabilities of plant extracts and their active ingredients can be classified according to their ability to affect the GABAergic and glutamatergic systems, act as antioxidants, exhibit anti-neuroinflammatory characteristics, and provide neuroprotection. Additionally, we highlight the potential use of various medicinal plants as a therapeutic intervention for refractory epilepsy, as they may be able to pharmacologically reduce epilepsy and cognitive impairment. The research highlights how herbal remedies used in traditional medicine are a great source of potential candidates for antiepileptic drugs. This demonstrates and validates the antiepileptic and anticonvulsant qualities of various therapeutic herbs, which could inspire further study. To fully comprehend the ideas of metabolic processes, toxicity, clinical trials, structural optimization, and change, further research is still necessary.</p> Eugene Ohams Ohanme Ogbonnaya Nnabuike Iganga Casimir Chijioke Ofor Uzochukwu Ofonakara Amucheukwu Veronica Nwafor Clementina, Nkiru Eze Kenneth Eze Etu Benjamin Nwafocha Nwakelu Chiazor Prince Unekwe Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. 2024-06-08 2024-06-08 25 7 13 24 10.9734/jocamr/2024/v25i7543 Acupuncture Readiness Attitude Scale (ARAS): An Informal Screener for Patient Suitability for Acupuncture Treatment https://journaljocamr.com/index.php/JOCAMR/article/view/546 <p>The Acupuncture Readiness Attitude (ARA) is a crucial component within the realm of acupuncture therapy. While the response expectancy of acupuncture - the anticipation of treatment effectiveness - is significant, the ARA plays a pivotal role. The ARA encompasses a patient’s willingness, openness, and readiness for acupuncture treatment, which can profoundly impact treatment outcomes. By prioritizing the ARA, acupuncture practitioners can enhance patient receptivity and ultimately contribute to the evolution of this ancient healing practice. This paper highlights the importance of considering the historical context in the development of acupuncture and stresses the requirement for a dedicated evaluator capable of assessing the ARA using an informal screener developed by the authors.</p> Guo-Hui Xie Meng Kiat Tan Jennifer Erin Camulli Chin Aik Koh Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. 2024-06-13 2024-06-13 25 7 45 57 10.9734/jocamr/2024/v25i7546 Cardiac Tamponade Revealing an “APECED Syndrome”, an Unsual Manifestation in a 7-Year-Old Moroccan Girl: A Case Report https://journaljocamr.com/index.php/JOCAMR/article/view/544 <p><strong>Background: </strong>APECED or multiple endocrine deficiency autoimmune candidiasis syndrome is a rare disease characterized by the manifestation of autoimmune endocrinopathies in a peculiar sequence during infancy. The clinical diagnosis of APECED requires the presence of at least two of these three major components: Chronic mucocutaneus candidiasis, hypoparathyroidism and or primary adrenal insufficiency. Genetic testing is necessary for precise identification in certain instances, particularly those presenting with atypical or subtle symptoms.</p> <p><strong>Clinical Presentation</strong><strong>:</strong> we report a rare clinical manifestation of APECED syndrome in a 7-year-old girl from a Moroccan origin, unique child born in a 2<sup>nd</sup> consanguineous marriage, was admitted initially for cardiac tamponade revealing the underlying disease. Patient’s assessment after pericardiocentesis confirmed hypoparathyroidism disease and undiagnosed chronic onychomycosis of the nails of her right hand. A genetic test was carried out after multidisciplinary discussion between cardiologists and endocrinologists which tested positive for a mutation in the AIRE (21q22.3) gene responsible for APECED syndrome. Treatment was based on symptomatic treatment of acute pericarditis according to the guidelines of European Society of Cardiology on the management of pericarditis with a good clinical outcome associated with oral calcium supplementation and levothyroxine.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> APECED syndrome is an exceptional disease both in terms of its frequency and its pathophysiological mechanisms and requires a multidisciplinary approach. The management of APECED syndrome involves the management of the various diseases. Patients must be monitored regularly to detect the appearance of other pathological elements of the syndrome.</p> M. Njie A. AL Timimi P. M Mulendele H. Charif M. Bouziane M. Haboub S. Arous G. M Benouna A. Drighil R. Habbal Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. 2024-06-08 2024-06-08 25 7 25 31 10.9734/jocamr/2024/v25i7544 Determinants of Hypertension in Outpatients: A Cross-Sectional Study at Kramat Jati Health Center, East Jakarta https://journaljocamr.com/index.php/JOCAMR/article/view/545 <p><strong>Aims: </strong>This research aims to determine the factors that most cause the incidence of hypertension in outpatients at the Kramat Jati District Health Center, East Jakarta in 2024.</p> <p><strong>Study design:</strong>&nbsp; <em>Cross-Sectional Design</em></p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> This research was carried out at the Non-Communicable Diseases Polyclinic or Hypertension Polyclinic, Kramat Jati District Health Center, East Jakarta. Data collection took place for 2 weeks in February 2024.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The selected population is outpatients who have hypertension and are active as controls and non-hypertensive outpatients who visit the Kramat Jati District Health Center, East Jakarta. The selected samples were outpatients, specifically hypertensive patients at the Kramat Jati District Health Center, East Jakarta. Samples were collected using non-random accidental sampling technique and 101 research samples were obtained. Data Processing and Analysis using SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) 29th version was used to view research results using univariate and bivariate analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The results obtained showed that 81 respondents (80.2%) experienced hypertension. The dominant characteristics of hypertensive patients were found to be women (65.3%), aged 56-65 years (28.7%), patients who had a family history of hypertension (52.5%), patients who consumed ≥ 5 grams of sodium (70 .3%), patients who did physical activity (76.2%), and patients who did smoke (31.7%). The factors of age (p-value = 0.0001), history of hypertension (p-value = 0.046), sodium diet (p-value = 0.0001), and smoking (p-value = 0.039) are significantly related and most dominantly influence the incidence. Hypertension. The factors of gender (p-value = 0.410) and physical activity (p-value = 0.454) were not significantly related to increasing blood pressure.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is a significant relationship between factors that unmodified factors, namely age and family history of hypertension, with the incidence of hypertension at the Kramat Jati District Health Center, East Jakarta, and there is also a significant relationship between factors that can be changed, namely dietary sodium patterns and smoking activities, and the incidence of hypertension in Kramat Jati District Health Center, East Jakarta.</p> Frits Reinier Wantian Suling Anastacia Justine Wiradi Suryanegara Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 25 7 32 44 10.9734/jocamr/2024/v25i7545 A Descriptive Study on Stunting in Toddlers & Contributing Factors in Cibungur Village, Sumedang District, Indonesia https://journaljocamr.com/index.php/JOCAMR/article/view/547 <p><strong>Aims: </strong>This research aims to determine the relationship between parents practicing Clean and Healthy Living Behavior (PHBS) and the incidence of stunting in toddlers aged 2-5 years in Cibungur Village, Sumedang Regency in 2023.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong>&nbsp; This research is an analytical observational study with a cross-sectional design.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study:</strong> The research was carried out in Cibungur Village, Sumedang Regency, West Java in May 2023.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The sample in this study was 139 parents who had children aged 2-5 years in Cibungur Village, Sumedang Regency, West Java. The sampling technique used in this study was consecutive sampling, that is, all subjects who came and met the selection criteria were included in the study until the required number of subjects was met. A questionnaire instrument was used to obtain data on variables that influence (X1) parents' healthy hygiene behavior. The variable influenced by (Y) is the incidence of stunting in toddlers aged 2-5 years in Cibungur Village, Sumedang Regency. The data source is parents of toddlers aged 2-5 years in Cibungur Village, Sumedang.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results of the correlation test of the 10 PHBS indicators studied with the incidence of stunting found a relationship between exclusive breastfeeding (p = 0.004) and the habit of washing hands with soap (p = 0.001) with the incidence of stunting while history of childbirth assisted by health personnel (p = 0.066), weighing toddler routine at posyandu (p=0.070), eradicating mosquito nests (p = 0.778), daily physical activity (p = 1.000), consumption of fruits and vegetables every day (p = 0.594), not smoking in the house (p = 0.877), use of clean water (p = 0.066) and use of healthy latrines (p = 0.066) were not associated with stunting.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Of the ten indicators of a Clean and Healthy Lifestyle, it was concluded that only two of them were related to the incidence of stunting, namely the Exclusive Breastfeeding indicator and the Habit of Washing Hands with Soap indicator.</p> Vidi Posdo Ahapta Simarmata Keswari Aji Patriawati Copyright (c) 2024 Author(s). The licensee is the journal publisher. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. 2024-06-13 2024-06-13 25 7 58 72 10.9734/jocamr/2024/v25i7547